There are many vices of the modern society that deserve attention and are regularly debated. Among them, there are racism, homophobia, sexism, anti-Semitism, chauvinism, etc. All of them are undoubtedly begotten by society itself and never exist out of their carrier. There is one term which may incorporate all above mentioned – Xenophobia.
What Is Xenophobia
Xenophobia is hatred, intolerance or dislike of someone or something strange, unfamiliar. It is incomprehensible, inconceivable, and therefore dangerous and hostile attitude towards unknown. It can cause animosity in relation to the principle of national, religious or social division, etc. Occasionally one can refer to it as obsessive fear of other people, that is a phobia in the clinical sense.
According to the term, all people in the world are more or less xenophobic. All of us are hostile to something unknown. Unknown has been mistreated and misunderstood for ages. People hate what they do not understand. On the individual level xenophobia can be a bias. On the level of collective consciousness it can turn out to be the second Nazism, genocide or even worse. The world has the association with the fight against intolerance. It has become intolerant to intolerance so much perversely that even more dramatic and huge hatred was already born.
It is a tragedy that xenophobia is applicable in politics and affect the minds of normal liberal people with the superstitions and numerous cliches, stereotypes and bias. Thus, Xenophobia is often equal with nationalism. However, there is a significant difference between these two concepts: the supporters of nationalist views do not necessarily have negative feelings towards other nations, ethnic groups or religions, but xenophobic people do have such. On the other hand, the xenophobic people can call their views “nationalist” to make them more attractive. In fact, it is obvious that they simply veil their xenophobia by means of familiar and widely accepted notions as if it justifies them.
Xenophobia in its concrete manifestations also can be similar to chauvinism. Very often fiction authors use the term to refer to the fear or hatred of the inhabitants of other planets. All that concerns collective unknown can fit in this notion. Growing like a snow ball, bias turns into the bias of bias and approving of particular stereotypes one uses to break something. The world is so perverted that former fighters for freedom are the prisoners of their own freedom. Those who rebelled against being like everybody now are the same because the world turned upside down.
There are numerous examples of its manifestations, it is obvious, however, the nature of phenomenon is enigmatic. Sociologists, however, stick to the idea that a natural typical to human fear of the unknown is the basis of the xenophobia. The viewpoint that the current practice of intentional cultivation of xenophobia is a proven method of controlling a group of persons is quite reasonable speculation, indeed. The matter is that by all means society is striving to develop without even thinking of by which means. It is obvious that it is just time to make at lest one new step in human evolution and depart from the primitive propositions and think before the thought in your mind emerges what it may cause for the others. Intolerance to the so called cultivated tolerant may sometimes be more reasonable than vice versa. Think of it.